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Posted 21 Jun 2012


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Bitmap Menu

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4.96/5 (13 votes)
8 Mar 2013CPOL1 min read
A simple way to have a bitmap menu without any bitmap resource or ownerdraw

Image 1


This article shows how you can use the CMenu::SetMenuItemBitmaps() method to setup a bitmap to any menu item, and all that without a special resource or handle CMenu::DrawItem, CMenu::MeasureItem. Moreover, you can use icons instead of a bitmap resource or image list.


Recently, I needed to put some icons to menu items so the user can easily recognize the associated toolbar commands... I looked up MSDN Help and saw a small sample here... but these methods can accept only bitmap resources, and these resources must be cut off by 13X13 pixels ... I searched on CodeProject for an owner draw menu and found some good ones, but once they tread the owner draw handler, I have problems on the OS style (counting off that I dumped the project with another control).

But almost any project has icon resources (no matter what dimension), and I was thinking, what if I can put icons on menu items using CMenu::SetMenuItemBitmaps? To complete that, I designed an icon to bitmap conversion method like that:

CBitmap* CMainFrame::ConvertIconToBitmap(HICON hIcon)
    CDC dc;
    CBitmap bmp;
    CClientDC ClientDC(this);
    bmp.CreateCompatibleBitmap(&ClientDC, 13, 13);
    CBitmap* pOldBmp = (CBitmap*)dc.SelectObject(&bmp);
    ::DrawIconEx(dc.GetSafeHdc(), 0, 0, hIcon, 13, 13, 0, (HBRUSH)RGB(255, 255, 255), DI_NORMAL);
    HBITMAP hBitmap = (HBITMAP)::CopyImage((HANDLE)((HBITMAP)bmp), 

    return CBitmap::FromHandle(hBitmap);

Using the Code

From the method above, you only need to initialize the menu in the OnInitMenuPopup handler, and use CMainFrame::ConvertIconToBitmap to load icons in the menu:

void CMainFrame::OnInitMenuPopup(CMenu* pPopupMenu, UINT nIndex, BOOL bSysMenu) 
    CMDIFrameWnd::OnInitMenuPopup(pPopupMenu, nIndex, bSysMenu);

    // TODO: Add your message handler code here

    HICON hIcon = AfxGetApp()->LoadIcon(IDR_TESTMETYPE);

Points of Interest

This solution could be a simple alternative to CMenu derived controls. Enjoy it!


  • 21st June, 2012: Initial version
  • 24 April 2015: Updated ConvertIconToBitmap method in order to improve the bitmap quality.


This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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Comments and Discussions

QuestionGood,But how to let the icon background transparent? Pin
Jason.LYJ7-Aug-16 20:21
professionalJason.LYJ7-Aug-16 20:21 
AnswerRe: Good,But how to let the icon background transparent? Pin
_Flaviu8-Aug-16 21:16
_Flaviu8-Aug-16 21:16 
GeneralRe: Good,But how to let the icon background transparent? Pin
Jason.LYJ17-Mar-17 16:56
professionalJason.LYJ17-Mar-17 16:56 
GeneralMy vote of 4 Pin
sariqkhan21-Nov-12 1:32
sariqkhan21-Nov-12 1:32 

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