In this tip we will elaborate about the SOAP message in WCF communication. SOAP stands for simple object access protocol. In WCF the main thing is that the communication between the server and client. The communication takes place by messages with some transport layer. The main need of calling a service is to do the data transfer between the server and client. Then the data is transferred in the form of messages. In WCF, the message is a SOAP type. So lets observe the SOAP message in a WCF services. This tip only for newbie.
Before starting reading on this tip the reader should have some basic knowledage on WCF . In this tip we will explain/observe on the SOAP message with some examples.
The main intension to call a service is to send or retrive some data from the service method. In the service the data is transferred in the form of message . So message is not but a package of data which is transferred in SOAP format or that is you can say also SOAP message.
SOAP message is not but a XML data which is transferred in XML format. The XML format has some Header and Body parts . So when ever the client is calling to WCF service method the in Request the data is transferred in XML format. So when ever the server give some responses to the client the data is transferred in XML format.
We know that XML is truly platform-independent and is used to pass data from one end to another end without depending on the technology and platform. For this behavior of XML, the industry has chosen it as a standard for data transferred.
We will check the contain of the XML format later in this tip .
Using the code
To observe the SOAP message in WCF service we will create a WCF service application and check step by step.
In step- 1 we will create WCF service application in our .NET framework. Open the visual studio framework and then select a new project -> then select WCF -> then select WCF service application -> then give the name of the application as "SoapMessage" -> then click on "OK" button.
After the creating the service application you will see the newly created application like this image. In this application you will see there would be one .cs file like IService1.cs which implements the interface and the operation contract.
Then the file Service1.svc.cs file define the the operation contract which is definded in IService1.cs file.
In this step we will add the code base to our application .
Before adding any operation contract inside the service we need to declare an interface . After that we can declare our operation contract inside the interface.
So in this example our interface name is "IService1" and our operation contract is "AppendTwoString". The operation contract is nothing but just like an method which is exposed in the service under the servicecontract . So if we expose the ServiceContract in service then what ever operation contract belongs to this ServiceContract will be available in the client. So basically the service contact is encapsulated all the things in a single unit. So lets put the below code inside the your IService1.cs file.
public interface IService1
string AppendTwoString(string firstName, string secondName);
So in Step-3 we just define the operation contract "AppendTwoString()". So in this step we will define the operation contract inside Service1.svc.cs file.
In Service1.svc.cs file , class Service1 inherits the interface IService1 , so we can define the "AppendTwoString()" operation contract here. So this "AppendTwoString()" we are passing two string parameters as input from the client application and we will append two string and return the resulted string to the requested client application as response. So in request we will get two parameter as input and in response we will return one string value as output.
public class Service1 : IService1
public string AppendTwoString(string firstName, string secondName)
return firstName + " " + secondName;
As we add all the code to the application then its time to check the SOAP message by WCF Test client. So build the application and Run it on your Visual studio framework. After running the WCF test client you will see the screen like this
After that please follow these steps:
a. Click on the "AppendTwoString()" method .
b. Provide some input in the Request "value" column.
c. Then click on the Invoke button.
d. Check the service response in the Response "Value" column.
You can also check the steps from the Image also.
So in this step you just provided some value in the method and got some resulted string value.
In step-6 we just given some input string and found the output string in Formatted tab. To check the SOAP message that is XML data , click on the XML Tab and you will see the XML data like this.
As we discussed above that the there would be two XML data section like Request and Reponse data section . Both section have Header and Body element.
You can mark that in Request section there is two parameter like <firstName> and <secondName> having some value in the Body element. But in the Response XML section also the output of the sevice is coming under the Body element.
So this your SOAP message which helps you to transferred your data in WCF service communication.
I have attached the same demo application in this tip . If you want to check you can download it.
Hope this tip will clear doubts on the SOAP message and how is it transferred in the WCF services. Please have some comments if you got some idea after reading this tip . Coming with some new interesting tips on WCF . Happy Coding :)